Through academic training and hands-on ministry service, Emmanuel prepares Christ followers who are committed to making a difference in their world.


Division of General Studies

The purpose of General Studies is to broaden the student's general education, demonstrating the relationship existing between biblical truth and a number of the major academic disciplines. For degree and diploma programs, a balance of General Studies courses must be maintained within the common core.

The common core for B.Th. students consists of courses in Academic Writing or English Literature, Greek, and History, plus courses from at least three of the other subdivisions.

B.R.E. Students are required to take courses in Academic Writing or English Literature and Communications, plus courses from at least three of the other subdivisions.

Diploma students are required to take Academic Writing plus courses from at least two of the other subdivisions.

Students exempt from Academic Writing are required to take an English Literature course to meet these General Studies requirements.


General Studies courses prepare the student to:

  1. display familiarity with the major events of Christian history and relate these events to the general flow of world history
  2. articulate an awareness of the basic issues addressed by major philosophers and philosophical systems throughout the history of western civilization, and express Christian responses to these issues
  3. articulate a Christian view of personality, society, and culture based upon a study of the social sciences from a biblical perspective
  4. describe the orderliness of the physical world and evaluate from a Christian perspective both scientific and technological activity
  5. demonstrate an appreciation for various genres of English literature
  6. integrate General Arts emphases with Christian life and ministry.



GH110AA Ideas and Civilizations

Introduces key developments in the history of thought from the ancient to the modern period; examines the influence of various schools of thought upon our religious, political, social, ethical, and aesthetic perspective by placing these within their historical contexts and their relationship to developments in various parts of the world.


GH211BA Church History Survey
An introduction to the main themes, personalities and events of the Christian Church.  Theological and spiritual developments from the Early Church through the Middle Ages and Reformation to the Church of today will be discussed.  The Church’s role in society and politics will be highlighted.

GH250AA History of Missions
An overview of the expansion of Christianity from its beginning to its current status as a global faith.  Consideration will be given to mission paradigms across the centuries and key figures in mission history.

GH321BA Church History:  Early and Medieval Christianity (Pentecost to 1517)
A study of the history of Christianity from Pentecost through the Middle Ages.

GH322AA Church History:  Renaissance and Reformation 1350-1660
A study of the history of Christianity through the Renaissance and Reformation

GH323AA Church History:  Post-Reformation to 21st Century
A study of Christianity from the Post-Reformation and into the current century.



GK211AA   Science and Christianity
An introductory survey of the ways in which science and Christianity relate philosophically and theologically, over history and present time.  Specific topics include scientific law and miracles, the human sciences and the soul, cosmology and the creation of the universe, evolution and the creation of life.  The controversy over science, faith and public education will also be examined.


Language and Communication

GL131AA Introduction to Communication
An integration of theory and practice to build superior communcation skills to last a lifetime and support effectiveness in leadership, whether relating to another individual or to groups, both small and large.  

GL231AA  Oral Communication
An examination of the principles and dynamics of communication and an exposure to a variety of oral communication styles.  Students will be involved in the effective design, delivery, and critical evaluation of speeches in various settings.  Many opportunities to practice the skills taught. 

GL241AA New Testament Greek I
The first half of an introductory course to the study of New Testament Greek, focusing on building vocabulary and the comprehension of basic Greek grammar.  The course is designed to prepare students for translation and exegesis of the New Testament, thereby equipping them to better interpret and proclaim God’s word.  As a bonus, the study of ancient Greek will increase students’ understanding of the English language.

GL242AA New Testament Greek II
The second half of an introductory course to the study of New Testament Greek, continuing to focus on  building vocabulary and the comprehension of basic Greek grammar.  The course is designed to prepare students for translation and exegesis of the New Testament, thereby equipping them to better interpret and proclaim God’s word.  As a bonus, the study of ancient Greek will increase students’ understanding of the English language.
Prerequisite: New Testament Greek I.

GL250AA Cross-Cultural Communication
An introductory study of the impact of cultural differences in communication.



GP100AA Ethics
Studies and evaluates both secular and faith-based ehtical theories; applies a reflective discussion to contemporary moral issues and assists students in developing a personal framework for ethical decision-making.  

GP211AA Philosophy
An investigation into the main topics of philosophy, sensitive to the historical roots from which philosophical thought has developed, but also concerned primarily with understanding philosophy’s perennial questions and, when possible, providing some initial reasonable answers.

GP281AA Apologetics
A study of the philosophical and factual evidence supporting Christianity's truthfulness. Major apologetical methods are evaluated in light of important issues such as epistemology, the nature of faith, and the role of reason in religious belief.

GP385AA Worldview Studies Seminar
An advanced seminar course that integrates biblical, theological, and general studies. This course will examine the philosophical bases for various world views and assist students in developing and articulating a comprehensive biblical world view.


Religion and Culture

GR212AA New Religions
An overview of the rise and spread of new religions or religious movements in North America in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, with focus on a survey study of the history, doctrines and practices of selected religions or movements including the Church of the Latter Day Saints, Jehovah's Witnesses, the Unification Church, Scientology, Baha’i and the New Age Movement. Critical reflection on a Christian response.

GR213AA World Religions
A survey study of the history, major beliefs, practices, and rituals of the major non Christian religions: Traditional Tribal Religions, Hinduism, Buddhism, Islam, and Shinto. Critical reflection on a Christian response.


Social Sciences

GS110AA Anthropology
An introduction to the study of anthropology, including basic research methods, philosophy, principles and understandings, and contemporary theories. Consideration to applied use of the scientific study.

GS111AA Sociology
An introduction to the study of society and the discipline of sociology within the Canadian context.  Emphasis is placed on the categories of analysis used by sociologists, research methods, and the dynamics of social change.  Special attention is given to integrating Christian faith with sociological issues in contemporary society and the impact of the church in various communities.

GS121AA Psychology
An introduction to the scientific study of behaviour and mental processes. Includes research methods, statistics, biological roots of behaviour, developmental psychology, gender sensation, perception, states of consciousness, learning, memory, thinking and language, intelligence, motivation, emotion,  personality, psychological disorders, therapy, health, social influence, and social relations.

GS131AA Psychology and Culture of Youth
Part I of this course focuses on cultural trends among Canadian teenagers, touching on hopes, fears, interests, behaviours and shaping influences.  Part II of this course focuses on current understandings of the characteristics and challenges of adolescence from the perspective of developmental psychology.  Part II will focus on the implication for ministry to teenagers in Canada.  The overall objective will be to develop a better understanding of the nature of adolescence and how to lead young people toward maturity from a biblical perspective. 

GS212AA Group Dynamics
An examination of the theory, principles, and techniques of working with small groups in a variety of contexts. Attention is given to social climate, membership and leadership functions, ethics and other variables as they relate to their effect on the group process and individual behaviour.  Group work with specific populations will be discussed.  Interventions to address challenging group dynamics will be explored.  Group simulations (role play) will be used to facilitate an experiential component to the learning. 

GS221AA Theories of Counselling
Explores a number of the more commonly practiced psychotherapy theories currently employed in Ontario's helping professions (e.g. psychology, social work, psychotherapy, chaplaincy, etc.) as well as the overlapping key concepts that exist among these theories. Additionally, students will explore the benefits, limitations, and contradictions of various psychotherapeutic theories and determine which approaches the best fit with their theoretical orientations and levels of skills training, and judgement.

GS222AA Developmental Psychology
Examines human development throughout the lifespan from the viewpoint of various theoretical orientations.  Attention is given to the psychological significance of spiritual, social, emotional, cognitive, behavioural, sexual, gender and biological development.  An emphasis is placed on the practical application of the academic material to daily living and to professional intervention in various settings.  


GS223AA Research Methodologies

Focuses on research in counselling and its relevance to clinical practice.  Students will learn how to read and understand current professional literature relevant to, and for the purpose of informing clinical practice.  Students will examine various research methodologies, the nature of applied research, and the process of original research.  Additionally, students will learn how to critically examine research and determine its applicability to clinical situations.  


GS311BA Family Dynamics
An examination of the functions and structures of marriage and family in contemporary North American society. Topics discussed will include singleness, mate selection, marriage expectations and roles, building a family, parenting, aging, family and work,  divorce, remarriage, and various challenges faced by  contemporary families.  Reflection on these issues, as Christians embedded in North American society, is a component of the course.

GS322AA Psychopathology
This course examines the nature and treatment of psychological disorders. Emphasis will be placed on the benefits, limitations, and contraindications of both the major diagnostic categories and the differing psychotherapeutic approaches currently used in the treatment of psychological disorders. The major classes of psychoactive drugs will also be highlighted.

 GS333AA Professional Practice:  Ethics, Referrals, & Assessment
Explores concepts essential for professional practice in the fields of psychotherapy, social services, and other front-line organizations and ministries in Ontario.  

Note: The following courses may be applied for credit in General Studies:
CM222AA Interpersonal & Helping Skills
CM380AA Grief and Crisis Counselling